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“Things that divide us are trifling”: Cold War Feminism in North Korea with Suzy Kim

March 29, 2017 - 5:00pm
History

Speaker: Suzy Kim
Wednesday, March 29, 2017
4:00 PM to 5:30 PM


307 Sewall Hall
Rice University
6100 Main St
Houston,Texas,USA


Feminism, both as theory and praxis, has long grappled with the dilemma of difference: that is, whether to celebrate women’s “difference” from men as offering a more emancipatory potential or to challenge those differences as man-made in the process of delineating modern sexed subjects. While this debate may be all too familiar within liberal feminist discourses, socialist feminisms that stretched across the Cold War divide were no less conflicted about what to do with gendered differences, most explicitly represented by sexual violence or biological motherhood. Situating North Korea in the broader frame of socialist feminisms, this talk explores how alternative femininities became markers of ideal citizens in the name of state feminism that professed equality for the sexes. While North Korea's authoritarian system is generally characterized as a paternalistic order, it is complemented by maternal affect that elicits love and loyalty for the leaders. In effect, women proved to be the primary cultural icons, and feminine tropes became models for emulation throughout society. Examining the development of alternative femininities in North Korea alongside a women’s history of the Cold War, I argue that the development of the feminist project itself was bifurcated by the global Cold War, the effects of which are still felt in the iterations of contemporary feminism today.

Suzy Kim is Associate Professor of Korean History in the Department of Asian Languages and Cultures at Rutgers University. Her publications include a special guest-edited volume of Cross-Currents: East Asian History & Culture Review on “(De)Memorializing the Korean War” (2015) and Everyday Life in the North Korean Revolution, 1945-1950 (Cornell 2013).

History and Other Social Sciences

March 28, 2017 - 7:30pm
History

Speaker: Herbert S Klein
Tuesday, March 28, 2017
6:30 PM to 8:00 PM


Farnsworth Pavilion, Ley Student Center Rice Media Center
Rice University
6100 Main St
Houston,Texas,USA


History and the Other Social Sciences
Recent trends in the United States have turned historians away from the Social Sciences just as these fields have become far more historically oriented. This talk will show how and why these new trends in Economics and the Other Social Sciences can be of utility to historical research.

Biography:
Herbert S. Klein is Gouverneur Morris Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University, is currently a Hoover Research Fellow and Latin American Curator at the Hoover Archives and former Professor of History and Director of the Center for Latin American Studies at Stanford University. He has published some 174 articles in multiple languages and authored several books on Bolivia: Parties and Political Change in Bolivia, 1880-1952 (1969, 2009); Revolution and the Rebirth of Inequality. (co-author) (1981); Haciendas and Ayllus (1993) and A Concise History of Bolivia (2nd edition 2011). His books on Slavery include most recently African Slavery in Latin American and the Caribbean (2nd ed co-authored 2007); The Middle Passage: Comparative Studies in the Atlantic Slave Trade (1969); The Atlantic Slave Trade (2nd edition 2009);and Slavery in Brazil (co-authored, 2009). On Brazil his most recent books (co-authored) are Slavery and the Economy of São Paulo, 1750-1850 (2003), Brazil Since 1980 (2006); Escravismo em São Paulo e Minas Gerais (2009); Economic and Social History of Brazil Since 1889 (2014), and Brazil, 1964-1985, The Military Regimes of Latin America in the Cold War (2017). On Latin American colonial fiscal history he wrote The American Finances of the Spanish Empire, 1680-1809 (1998) and co-authored a multi-volume collection of colonial tax records and has studied demographic history in A Population History of the United States (2nd ed, 2012) and Hispanics in the United States, 1980-2005 (co-author 2010).

Dr. Susan Einbinder - "Stone, Bone and Text: Anti-Jewish Violence in Tàrrega, 1348"

March 24, 2017 - 1:00pm
History
Friday, March 24, 2017
12:00 PM to 1:00 PM



Rice University - TBD



Dr. Susan Einbinder, Professor of Hebrew & Judaic Studies and Comparative Literature at the University of Connecticut In July of 1348 a large number of Jews in Tàrrega (Catalonia, Spain) were murdered during an uprising by Christians who blamed the Jews for the spread of the Black Death. Dr. Einbinder’s talk explores new and old sources related to the attack on the Jewish call (quarter) in Tàrrega after the arrival of the plague. The sources range from a well-known Hebrew chronicle excerpt to a previously unknown Hebrew lament, archival sources, and the forensic analysis of mass graves of the victims uncovered in 2007.

The Liberty to Take Fish: Cod Fisheries, American Diplomacy, and Atlantic Environments, 1783–1877

March 9, 2017 - 2:00pm
History

Speaker: Thomas Earle
Thursday, March 9, 2017
2:00 PM to 5:00 PM


315 Humanities Building



The Anglo-American relationship across the long nineteenth century was one that was marked by the periodic oscillations between confrontation and cooperation. While the discourse between the leaders of either nation was marked by a kind of gentlemanly civility any sort of linear approach to the emergence of the “Special Relationship” of the mid-twentieth century obscures the significant transformations in transatlantic diplomacy during the nineteenth century. North Atlantic fisheries played a key role as transatlantic relations tacked between agreement and discord during the nineteenth century. This single issue allowed for and created the conditions necessary for addressing myriad other concerns and in the process continually redefined the relationship. The significant pivots in Anglo-Americans relations were in one manner or other intimately tied to the fisheries. Introducing the fisheries issues will demonstrate how, for instance, the Convention of 1818, the Reciprocity Treaty of 1854, and the Halifax Commission were the most vital junctures in transatlantic relations. This narrative of Anglo-American relations would remain obscured without an appreciation for the fisheries and the role of the environment more generally. While environmental history has long appreciated how proceedings in the human world were influenced by the natural, or nonhuman, world, diplomatic historians have been slow to consider that nexus. The transformations that are the focus of this dissertation would be invisible without the environmental lens. Fishermen, in addition to the fish they sought, are likewise important actors in this story as the on the ground, or perhaps water, decisions they made influenced the course of diplomacy at every level.

Criminalizing Space: Ideological and Institutional productions of Race, Gender, and State-sanctioned Violence in Houston, 1948-1967

March 3, 2017 - 12:00pm
History

Speaker: David Ponton, III
Friday, March 3, 2017
12:00 PM to 3:00 PM


315 Humanities Building



Criminalizing Space is a social history of ideas that explores various ways racial residential segregation affected the life chances of black Houstonians during the middle of the twentieth century. Jim Crow polices, custom, and living patterns marginalized black citizens from their white counterparts, negatively shaping the ways white people could relate to black people and the places they lived in. As Jim Crow slowly withered away, however, Houstonians struggled to redefine the meaning of race in ways that could be compatible with liberal individualism. Many came to rely on spatial logics. Spatial distance undergirded the social distance that stratified groups in a persistent racial hierarchy. It allowed for sustained Negrophobia, which included notions that black people were inherently predisposed or culturally conditioned to live in squalor, indulge in vice, and practice crime. For many white Houstonians, these were inherent in black spaces and justified the need for their containment through various forms of municipal neglect and abuse. Despite the efforts of black women activists, politicians, and philanthropists, the criminalization of black spaces had devastating effects on black people. It overexposed them to environmental hazards, poverty, violent crime, and police brutality. Spatial marginalization exacerbated the effects of these on black women, who faced sexual assault at the hands of police officers and employers as well as increased risks for assault and murder by their intimate partners in their own homes.

Tenth Annual Southern Forum on Agricultural, Rural, and Environmental History

February 10, 2017 - 12:01am
History
Friday, February 10, 2017 - Saturday, February 11, 2017
All Day


328 Humanities Building
Rice University
6100 Main St
Houston,Texas,USA


Rice University
February 10–11, 2017
Support provided by the Rice University History Department’s David Potter Lectureship in Southern History Fund
All sessions—including the keynote address—will take place in the Humanities Building, Room 328
Attendance is free, but registration is required if you wish to take part in any of the three meals provided. To register for meals, please email Randal Hall at rh@rice.edu and list the meals you would like to attend.

Friday, February 10, 2017
3:00 p.m.
Opening remarks
3:15 to 5:15 p.m.
Crossing Cultures in the Nineteenth Century:
Joseph Thomas Carson IV, Rice University
“Between Two Ships: Environmental History and the Anthropocene in Melville’s Oceans”

Patrick Luck, Florida Polytechnic University
“‘Your Friend Meuillon’: Cross-Cultural Economic Alliances in the Lower Mississippi Valley during the Early Republic”

Cane West, University of South Carolina
“‘Well Timbered and Watered’: Cross-Cultural Environmental Discourse in the Antebellum Arkansas River Valley”

5:30 to 6:45 p.m.
Humanities Building, third floor foyer and lounge
Drinks and dinner, buffet-style, catered by Picos Restaurant
Open to participants and any registered attendees

7:00 p.m.
Keynote Address S. Max Edelson, University of Virginia “The New Map of Empire: Cartographic Visions of Development in the British Atlantic World”

Saturday, February 11, 2017
9:00 to 9:30 a.m.
Humanities Building, third floor foyer and lounge
Continental breakfast for participants and registered attendees

9:30 to 11:30 a.m.
Food, Culture, and Landscape:
Hannah Biggs, Rice University “‘Louis Bromfield's 'Sermons on the Mount’: Religious Regionalism and Food Faith”

James C. Giesen, Mississippi State University “The View From Rose Hill: Landscape and Memory in the Piedmont”

Kelly C. Kean, University of California, Davis “Staples and Specialties: Regional Production for the Urban Market in Nineteenth-Century Charleston, South Carolina”

11:30 a.m. to 12:45 p.m. Lunch break
A boxed lunch will be provided for participants and any registered attendees.

12:45 to 2:45 p.m.
Resources and the State in the Interwar Years:
Davis Allen, Case Western Reserve University “Conservation Competition: Perspectives on Agricultural Drainage During the New Deal Era”

Abby Spinak, Rice University “The Most Laissez Faire: International Comparison as Energy Policy in the Interwar United States”

Michael Weeks, Our Lady of the Lake University “Measuring Expertise: How Engineers and Water Managers Shaped Irrigation on the Plains from 1910 to 1940”

2:45 to 3:00 p.m. Coffee break

3:00 to 5:00 p.m.
Power, Economy, and Ecology in the Deep South:
Andrew C. Baker, Texas A&M University–Commerce “Rachel Carson’s Unlikely Disciples: Texas Real Estate Developers and the Battle against Hydrilla”

Alec Fazackerley Hickmott, Amherst College “From Equality to Enterprise: Civil Rights and the Strange Career of Federal Enterprise Zones in the Mississippi Delta, 1965–1993”

Caroline R. Peyton, Cameron University “The Plantation and the Reactor: Nuclear Power, Envirotechnical Risk, and the Louisiana Way”

http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~rh/SFARE.html

"Guinea" Sam and Magic Marx: Conjure and Communism in the American Civil War

November 10, 2016 - 4:30pm
History

Speaker: Andrew Zimmerman
Thursday, November 10, 2016
4:30 PM to 6:30 PM


307 Sewall Hall
Rice University
6100 Main St
Houston,Texas,USA


This lecture focuses on a conjuror, "Guinea" Sam Nightingale, said to have been shot by cannon directly from Africa to Boonville, Missouri sometime in the 1850s. In Missouri, his life intersected with revolutionary German émigrés in ways that transformed the struggle against slavery in the United States, as well as international communism. Through Nightingale’s life and work, we can learn about the important role played in the American Civil War by two international revolutionary movements: the conjuring power of African American root doctors and the communism of German political exiles. Both conjure and communism, moreover, put forward a model of revolutionary change that differs sharply from the narratives of gradual national progress characteristic of liberalism.

The French Debate on Reparations for Slavery: A Pragmatic Approach

November 7, 2016 - 5:00pm
History

Speaker: Pap Ndiaye
Monday, November 7, 2016
5:00 PM to 6:30 PM


119 Humanities Building
Rice University
6100 Main St
Houston,Texas,USA



Muhammad Abduh and the Avicennian Tradition

November 7, 2016 - 4:30pm
History

Speaker: Robert Wisnovsky
Monday, November 7, 2016
4:30 PM to 6:30 PM


117 Humanities Building
Rice University
6100 Main St
Houston,Texas,USA


Muhammad Abduh (d. 1323/1905) is most famous for his writings on Islamic reform. Less well known is that early in his career, he composed a lengthy scholastic treatise: his Gloss on Jalal al-Din al-Dawani’s (d. 907/1501) Commentary on Adud al-Din al-Iji’s (756/1355) Creed. My paper will begin by discussing recent challenges to, and defenses of, Abduh’s authorship of this work. Abduh’s treatment of central problems of Islamic philosophical theology will then be surveyed, and one problem will be analyzed, with a view to locating him in the long tradition of post-Avicennian kal?m as well as in the context of late-19th-century Islamic, Arab and Egyptian intellectual history.