W. Caleb McDaniel
Assistant Professor of History
Email: caleb.mcdaniel  rice.edu Phone: X2556 Office: 330 Humanities
- Ph.D. The Johns Hopkins University, 2006
- B.A. Texas A&M University 2000
Areas of Interest
- Nineteenth-Century U.S.
- Slavery and Emancipation
- American Civil War Era
- Transatlantic Activism and Abolitionism
- Social, Cultural, and Intellectual History
- Transnational History
Research and Teaching
Dr. McDaniel is an historian of slavery, abolitionism, transatlantic reform, and the nineteenth-century United States.
His first book, The Problem of Democracy in the Age of Slavery, demonstrates that in challenging American slavery, nineteenth-century abolitionists like William Lloyd Garrison and Wendell Phillips joined Europeans like John Stuart Mill, Giuseppe Mazzini, and Alexis de Tocqueville in complex, related debates about democracy, nationalism, and the nature of “public opinion.” These debates and their own experiences as transatlantic reformers led Garrisonian abolitionists to believe that constant agitation and cosmopolitan ideals were essential to democracy. By abolishing slavery and defending the freedom to dissent, they hoped to vindicate popular government itself on a global stage, but they also identified problems with democracy that would not be easy for them or their heirs to solve.
Dr. McDaniel is now beginning a second research project on the history of slavery, emancipation and their legacies in Texas from roughly Juneteenth to the turn of the twentieth century. He teaches graduate courses in nineteenth-century American history and social and cultural history methods, and also accepts students for directed readings on more specific subjects related to his primary research interests in American radicalism and reform, antislavery, slavery, transnational history, and American intellectual history. He also serves on examinations and dissertations committees for students working in these and related areas.
- The Problem of Democracy in the Age of Slavery: Garrisonian Abolitionists and Transatlantic Reform (Louisiana State University Press, 2013)
- "Saltwater Antislavery: American Abolitionists on the Atlantic Ocean in the Age of Steam," Atlantic Studies 8, no. 2 (June 2011), 141-163 (lead article for special issue on "Abolitionist Places")
- "His Brothers' Keeper: John Brown, Moral Stewardship, and Interracial Abolitionism," Slavery and Abolition 32, no. 1 (March 2011), 27-52.
- "Philadelphia Abolitionists and Antislavery Cosmopolitanism, 1760-1840," in Antislavery and Abolition in Philadelphia: Emancipation and the Long Struggle for Racial Justice in the City of Brotherly Love, ed. Richard Newman and James Mueller (Baton Rouge: LSU Press, 2011), 149-173.
- “Repealing Unions: American Abolitionists, Irish Repeal, and the Origins of Garrisonian Disunionism,” Journal of the Early Republic 28, no. 2 (2008), 243-269. Winner of the Ralph D. Gray Article Prize from the Society for Historians of the Early American Republic
- “The Fourth and the First: Abolitionist Holidays, Respectability, and Radical Interracial Reform,” American Quarterly 57, no. 1 (2005), 129-151.